President Joe Biden on Thursday provided new insight into his ongoing negotiations with Democrats, laying out in the most specific terms to date what will and won't be included in a compromise budget measure that contains the bulk of his sweeping domestic agenda.
Biden flatly said during a CNN town hall in Baltimore that he would not support a work requirement for the child tax credit -- a provision moderate West Virginia Democratic Sen. Joe Manchin is pushing for within the Democrats' massive social spending bill. The President also confirmed to town hall moderator Anderson Cooper that a paid parental leave provision in his social safety net plan has been narrowed down from 12 weeks to 4 weeks.
Joe Biden details Democratic talks as party tries to secure his sweeping agenda
It would be a "reach," the President said, to include dental, vision and hearing coverage in Medicare, a key priority for progressives, saying Manchin opposed the provision -- and that he believed Sen. Kyrsten Sinema, an Arizona Democrat, was against it as well. Instead, he said he was working to include an $800 voucher for dental coverage and was still negotiating vision coverage.
"Joe (Manchin) is open to my convincing him that I can use it to increase environmental progress without it being that particular deal," he said, referencing the Clean Electricity Performance Program, which would give utilities federal grants to increase their share of electricity from clean sources and penalize those who fail to increase their clean electricity portfolios.
Where negotiations stand
Despite clear compromises on some of his key agenda items, Biden expressed optimism Thursday that Democrats in Congress would reach an agreement on his administration's bipartisan infrastructure package and a budget reconciliation bill.
Biden made clear to Democrats this week that his goal is to have a locked-in framework agreement that would clear the way for a House vote on the bipartisan infrastructure bill before he arrives at the United Nations Climate Conference in Glasgow in less than two weeks.
Other expected compromises to the spending bill include dropping two years of tuition-free community college and extending the child tax credit for just one additional year -- much shorter than what many in the party had wanted.
Acknowledging the need for filibuster reform
In his strongest terms to date, the President acknowledged that filibuster reform will be necessary to pass key items like voting rights legislation and debt limit increases, but that doing so now would hamper his ability to pass his economic agenda.
"We're gonna have to move to the point where we fundamentally alter the filibuster," Biden said, adding that it "remains to be seen exactly what that means in terms of fundamentally -- on whether or not we just end the filibuster straight up."
But he also said that if he waded into the debate on eliminating the filibuster at this moment, "I lose at least three votes right now to get what I have to get done on the economic side of the equation, the foreign policy side of the equation."
At a CNN town hall in July, for example, Biden said "There's no reason to protect (the filibuster) other than you're going to throw the entire Congress into chaos and nothing will get done. Nothing at all will get done. And there's a lot at stake."
Visiting the southern border
Biden said he hasn't had a lot of time to get down to the US-Mexico border, arguing that he's been traveling around the world and visiting domestic disaster sites instead.
"I guess I should go down but the whole point of it is, I haven't had a whole hell of a lot of time to get down," Biden continued, adding: "I've been spending time going around looking at the $900 billion damage done by hurricanes and floods and weather, and traveling around the world."
Tackling labor shortages and Covid-19
He attributed the labor shortage to a number of factors, including prospective employees' demands for higher wages and lingering fears about the pandemic. And he suggested that inflation may not be a long-term issue if his legislative priorities are passed.
Pressed on whether he'd deploy the National Guard to alleviate pressure on the nation's truckers amid shortages, Biden said, "The answer is yes, if we can't move, increase the number of truckers, which we're in a process of doing."
A White House official shortly after, however, told CNN the administration is not actively considering deploying the National Guard to help ease the supply chain gridlock, despite the President's comments. "Requesting the use of the National Guard at the state level is under the purview of governors and we are not actively pursuing the use of the National Guard on a federal level," the White House official said.
The President said during the town hall that he believes police officers and first responders who refuse the Covid-19 vaccine should be forced to stay at home or be let go. The decision to implement those employment restrictions remains largely up to cities and municipalities.
Biden also walked back his past comments to members of the press suggesting individuals who refuse subpoenas from the House select committee investigating the January 6 insurrection at the US Capitol should be prosecuted by the Justice Department.
"I should have chosen my words more wisely," Biden said during the town hall.
"One of the things I was committed to do when I ran was, reestablish the reputation and integrity of the Justice Department," the President said, adding, "I did not, have not and will not pick up the phone and call the attorney general and tell him what he should or should not do, in terms of who he should prosecute."
Fact-checking Joe Biden's CNN town hall in Baltimore
Joe Biden and the border
After Biden addressed another immigration question from the student but ignored that one, Cooper followed up. Biden then responded, "I've been there before, and I haven't -- I mean, I know it well. I guess I should go down. But the -- but the whole point of it is: I haven't had a whole hell of lot of time to get down."
Biden explained that he has been spending time inspecting hurricane damage and "traveling around the world," then added, "But I plan on -- now, my wife, Jill, has been down. She's been on both sides of the river. She's seen the circumstances there."
Facts First: Biden's claims need context. Jill Biden's last visit to the border was in December 2019, during the presidential campaign, not as first lady. Also, the only evidence the White House has cited for Joe Biden's claim that he has himself "been there before" was a Friday statement that Biden's motorcade briefly drove near the border during a campaign trip in 2008 -- when he was on his way from an airport in the border city of El Paso, Texas, to a rally in a New Mexico town that is located just under an hour from the border. CNN couldn't immediately find evidence of a specific Biden visit to, say, a border facility or to US personnel stationed at the border.
White House press secretary Jen Psaki said at her Friday briefing that "he did drive through the border when he was on the campaign trail in 2008." It's not clear what Psaki meant by "through." Regardless, if this drive was what Biden was talking about when he said he had "been there before," he certainly could have been clearer about the fact that he was referring to a passing moment in a car rather than some sort of deliberate migration-related stop. (The Washington Post reported Friday that this 2008 drive took Biden on a route "that for a few minutes hugs the border.")
Psaki said Friday that the President "does not believe a photo op is the same as solutions." She said that former President Donald Trump had visited the border but had not delivered positive results on immigration.
The "most important thing," Psaki said, is that Biden "has worked on these issues throughout his entire career, and is well-versed in every aspect of our immigration system, including the border. That includes when he was Vice President, and he went to Mexico and Central America 10 times to address border issues and talk about what we can do to reduce the number of migrants who were coming to the border."
Though Biden mentioned foreign travel as one of the reasons he has not gone to the border as President to date, he has made only one trip abroad during the first nine months of his pandemic-era term -- a June trip to Europe. He is scheduled for another Europe trip next weekend for a G20 summit and United Nations climate conference.
After he was asked a question about taxes on the wealthy, Biden said that under "this present tax code, the highest tax rate is 35 percent."
Facts First: Biden was wrong. The top marginal rate is actually 37%; 35% is the second-highest marginal rate. The 37 percent rate affects individual single taxpayers with taxable incomes greater than $523,600 and married couples filing jointly with taxable incomes greater than $628,300. The 35 percent rate affects individuals with taxable incomes greater than $209,425 and married joint filers at incomes greater than $418,850.
Biden said, "When I first was elected, there were only 2 million people who had Covid shots in the United States of America -- had the vaccine. Now we got 190 million, because I went out and bought everything I could do and buy in sight, and it worked."
Facts First: Biden's "2 million people" assertion was inaccurate no matter which way you parse it -- slightly off if you decide to be charitable, way off if not. Also, Biden gave too much credit to his own administration's vaccine purchases.
The Trump administration purchased enough vaccine doses to fully vaccinate at least a large percentage of the 190 million people who have received two shots at present.
Let's look first at the issue of credit. According to the Government Accountability Office, a nonpartisan watchdog for Congress, "As of December 31, 2020, the government had at least 800 million vaccine doses under contract expected to be delivered by July 31, 2021, pending any issues with clinical trials, (emergency use authorization) issuance, or other factors." That included 200 million doses each of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines that would prove by far the most popular with Americans. Also, the Trump-era contracts with Pfizer and Moderna gave the US the option to buy hundreds of millions more doses.
Even with millions of doses being wasted after delivery, the contracts signed during the Trump presidency covered, at minimum, a large majority of the people who have been vaccinated so far.
Biden is free to boast that his administration's own actions have resulted in more people getting vaccinated than would have under a Trump administration whose pandemic response was widely criticized. Asked about Biden's claim, a White House official noted Friday that the Biden administration bought additional doses in January and again in the summer, and that the administration used the Defense Production Act to allow Pfizer to accelerate its vaccine manufacturing by getting easier access to critical supplies it had struggled to obtain.
All of that is fair enough. But Biden was still hyperbolic here in giving sole credit to his own purchases.
Let's now turn to Biden's claim that "only 2 million people" had Covid shots when he was first elected.
Obviously, only the tiny number of Americans who participated in clinical trials had received Covid-19 shots when Biden was elected in November, since public vaccinations began in December. But even if we look at the situation when Biden first took office on January 20, his claim that "there were only 2 million people who had Covid shots" is at least a bit incorrect.
According to data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 18 million people in the US had received at least one shot at the time. But Biden did say "shots," plural, and he was comparing this figure to the 190 million current figure for fully vaccinated Americans, so he was likely referring, imprecisely, to the number of people who were fully vaccinated early in his presidency.
Even then, though, current CDC data says 3.4 million people were fully vaccinated on January 20. Biden might have been thinking of news reports from January 20, based on CDC data available at the time, that put the number at around 2 million, but the CDC numbers get updated over time as more information comes in and vaccinations are assigned to the date they actually occurred instead of the date they were reported.
Biden said that "there are over 800,000 sites right now that exist in America where you can go get a vaccine."
Facts First: This is false; Biden added an extra zero. The White House official said Biden meant 80,000 vaccination sites, the number he has used on multiple previous occasions.
Fox and vaccinations
Talking about right-wing television station Fox News, Biden asked, "Do you realize they mandate vaccinations?"
Facts First: This needs context. Fox Corp., which owns Fox News, has a Covid-19 vaccination policy stricter than the one Biden plans to impose on many US companies -- and Fox News hosts, like CNN journalists and others, have described Biden's policy as a "mandate." However, it's important to note that Fox Corp. does not actually require that employees get vaccinated. Rather, in a September memo, Fox Corp. announced that it would require unvaccinated employees to get tested daily.
In other words, the Fox policy is most thoroughly described as a vaccination-or-test mandate. However, we can't be too hard on Biden for describing it as a vaccination mandate given that his own planned vaccination-or-test mandate -- which he says will require companies with 100 or more employees to ensure their workers are either vaccinated or get tested at least weekly -- is also commonly described, on Fox and elsewhere, as a vaccination mandate.
Biden's jobs record
Biden said, "We've created more jobs in the first eight months of my administration than any president in American history."
Facts First: This is true, but the circumstances of Biden's first eight months are so different from the circumstances that greeted every other newly elected modern president that meaningful direct comparison is effectively impossible. Biden took office less than a year after the economy shed more than 22 million jobs in two months because of the pandemic. Even with the jobs rebound that began in May 2020, the US still has about 5 million fewer jobs than it did before the pandemic hit.
In other words, Biden-era gains -- an average of more than 600,000 jobs added per month from February through September -- are still filling the giant pandemic hole.
Biden is free, of course, to argue that he is doing a good job filling that hole. But his president-versus-president boasts should be viewed with contextual caution.